Types of Drugs Addiction we Treat
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What is drug addiction treatment?
Drug treatment is intended to help addicted individuals stop compulsive drug seeking and use. Treatment can occur in a variety of settings, take many different forms, and last for different lengths of time. Because drug addiction is typically a chronic disorder characterized by occasional relapses, a short-term, one-time treatment is usually not sufficient. For many, treatment is a long-term process that involves multiple interventions (4 to 5 months) and regular monitoring.
Amphetamines are an intoxicating drug which is most commonly used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and sleep conditions such as narcolepsy.These drugs are commonly available in capsule form usually snorted by the addicts. An amalgamation of withdrawal symptoms, fatigue, and drug cravings cause the user to continue pursuing the drug and eventually develops an addiction towards it.The psychological effects of amphetamines can be very painful and hard for many people to deal with. When a person is dependent on the drug, they will start to feel that they can’t function normally without it. Amphetamines will change the person’s body and brain chemistry. Amphetamines are a feel-good drug but when it is abused and overtaken, it can cause some serious psychological effects.
Cocaine is most commonly found as a white crystalline powder, and is usually snorted but is occasionally made into a solution and injected. The effects of cocaine are similar to amphetamines and crack in that they create physical and mental arousal. When cocaine is snorted the effect is almost immediate and then peaks and fades within 15 – 30 minutes. This often results in users repeating their use almost every 20 minutes or so in order to maintain the desired effect.The snorting of cocaine can lead to mucosal constriction and eventually perforation of the nasal septum.
Benzodiazepines are prescription only medicines under the Medicines Act. They can be abused and bought illegally on the black market.They are usually prescribed for short term treatment of anxiety and sleep problems. When taken at low doses tolerance does not develop to a great extent, but when people use large amounts their tolerance can develop rapidly and there is a danger of dosage increase.
Cannabis, Marijuana or Ganja is usually smoked with tobacco. It is available in the form of resin, dried and chopped leaves and – less commonly – oil. The main active compound in cannabis is THC. These effects will vary depending on the person, the environment and the potency and amount of the drug used.
Ecstasy mainly comes in tablet form but can come in capsules or powder. The tablets can come in a number of different colours and often display a logo. Ecstasy acts on the central nervous system and increases brain activity. The pupils become dilated, the jaw tightens and there is often brief nausea, sweating, dry mouth and throat. The blood pressure and heart rate increases and sweating is common.
“Opioids” is an umbrella term for natural and synthetic painkillers derived from or based on the poppy plant. The related term “opiate” applies only to medications that use natural opium poppy products.
Heroin is one of a group of drugs called opiates that are derived from the opium poppy. It usually comes as an off white or brown powder. Methadone and Subutex are prescribed as substitute drugs in the treatment of heroin addiction. Heroin is usually smoked (‘chasing the dragon’), snorted or prepared for injection. Heroin is a powerful pain killer and has euphoric qualities. The combined effects make heroin a very effective escapist drug.
Solvents are rapidly absorbed through the lungs into the bloodstream and quickly distributed to the brain and other organs. Within minutes users experience intoxication, with symptoms similar to those produced by drinking alcohol. Hallucinations may occur and loss of consciousness. Sudden death syndrome is a risk, although rare it more commonly occurs amongst young people when using air conditioning coolants, butane, propane and some aerosols. These cause the heart to beat rapidly and erratically resulting in cardiac arrest.
Mephedrone is a stimulant drug similar to ecstasy or speed. It comes in capsules, tablets or more commonly in powder form. The capsules or tablets are swallowed whilst the powder is usually snorted. Users report a feeling of ‘coming up’ or of rushes as the drug takes effect.
Naphyrone (NRG-1; Energy1) is a stimulant drug that is closely related to mephedrone with similar effects to amphetamines, cocaine and ecstasy. It is considered 5-10 times more potent than mephedrone or ecstasy.Naphyrone usually comes in the form of a white crystalline powder and is normally snorted or swallowed in wraps of paper.Users report feelings of euphoria, empathy, talkativeness and alertness.
PRESCRIPTION DRUG ADDICTION
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed. In contrast, over-the-counter drugs can be obtained without a prescription.The use of prescription-based drug addiction is an emerging problem globally. The most extensively prescribed drugs such as OxyContin, Vicodin, Valium, and Xanax are abused and its reaction can be shocking.
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